Tuesday, 22 July 2014

Why core strength is important for your child and fun ways to improve it.

Fun ways to improve your child's core strength

You may have seen the great article circulating around titled 'The REAL reason why children fidget' written by Angela over at Balanced and Barefoot.

A teacher friend shared the article and it piqued my interest for two reasons.  Firstly because I am a teacher so I can relate.  Secondly, I used to be a practising paediatric physiotherapist so I can relate!

Angela is a paediatric occupational therapist and in the article she discusses the impact poor core strength has on the ability of children to sit still and concentrate in class. She tested the core strength of several primary school classes at one school and found that


‘… when compared to children from the early 1980s, only one out of twelve children had normal strength and balance. Only one! Oh my goodness, I thought to myself. These children need to move!'

And I have to agree.  Children need to move and they need to move a lot!  Strength and balance comes from the repetition you get from playing for extended periods of time.  Time spent gaming, using computers or watching TV is time taken away from these important pursuits.  Did you know that Australian guidelines recommend that children don’t have more than 2 hours of screen time per day (excluding school activities)?
Image credit

While undertaking specific core exercises will never compensate for lack of time spent riding, climbing, or jumping on a trampoline, sometimes kids do need a little extra help to get back on track.  Once they improve their core strength ‘playing’ becomes easier and more enjoyable.  In turn their gross motor skills improve and motivation to play also increases.  

This post will focus on what I would tell parents if they came to see me with concerns about their child’s core strength.


What is core strength and why is it important?

Core strength, or postural control, is “both the anchor and launching pad” for everything that we do.
It should provide a stable base from which we can move our arms and head and legs effectively.  The core plays a role in almost all activities; from sitting to standing, walking to running, the core muscles are always at work stabilising.

The body’s “core” refers to the muscles around the abdomen, pelvis, and back. When properly switched on, they act like a muscular corset.  If a child has poor core strength, they will have an unstable base, and it will be more difficult to control fine motor skills, such as writing, or develop a wide range of gross motor skills.  I often compare it to trying to move with a spaghetti strand for a trunk – very hard work!
Image credit

Core strength is also important as it helps prevent injuries related to poor posture and decreases the risk of injury for children playing sport.

How do I know if my child has poor core strength?

1.       Does your child take up the support of all available surfaces? 
Do they lean against a wall when standing up? Hold their head up in their hands when sitting at the table? Or completely collapse into any chair so every part of their body is supported?

2.       Is your child always tired?
 Do they fatigue more easily, require more rests or appear more tired at the end of the day  compared to other children?

3.       Do they display poor posture?
 Rounded shoulders and chin poking out?  Rounded lower back, eyes looking to the ground when  standing?

4.       Can they hold a plank position? 

 Traditionally, abdominal core strength is tested using a sit up test but a timed ‘plank’ can provide  a more functional test. 

        Data from the 2012  US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Youth Fitness Survey found, on average,  that boys and girls aged 6-11 years old could hold a plank for 60 seconds.  It increased to 80 seconds for girls aged11- 16, and 90 seconds for boys aged 11-16.  An Australian study found Grade 1 students were able to hold a plank for 30 seconds before undertaking core training and 34 seconds post core training.  

 Based on this data, the following may be useful age estimates:

Four year old   - 10 seconds         Five year old       - 20 seconds
        Six year old       - 30 seconds        Seven year old    - 40 seconds
        Eight year old  - 50 seconds         Nine year old      - 60 seconds
        Ten year old     - 70 seconds        Eleven year old  - 80 seconds
        

What can I do to help improve my child’s core strength?

You can help your child complete a quick 10-15 minutes core strength session, preferably at least 3 times per week.  

Try to resist taking the drill sergeant approach and instead aim to make it fun.  Present it as ‘playing a game’, as ‘learning new tricks’ or as 'a fun competition' depending on your child’s age and interests.

Don’t push your child too hard.  Limiting the time spent on any one activity to your child's age in minutes can be a useful guide.

Start with these basic positions and progress as your child is able to maintain each pose:

Basic positions to improve a child's core strength




Plank exercises to improve a child's core strength




Bridge exercises to improve a child's core strength

All of these activities can be made harder by placing a small weight on your child's pelvis.



Games to improve a child's core strength



Using a stability ball to improve a child's core strength


Other fun games to play:

  • Tug of war
  • Twister
  • Row, row your boat
  • Play  ‘frog’ jumping from one ‘lily pad’ to the next
  • Play musical statues or What’s the time Mr Wolf?
  • Tightrope walking
  • Walk along a balance - progress to keeping a bean bag on their head as they balance


I hope this gives you some ideas and inspiration to improve your child's core strength. 

Please remember that this is general advice only.  If you have specific concerns please seek the advice of a registered health care provider.


Linking up with 'I Blog on Tuesdays' over at Essentially Jess

Happy exercising!
Dani

17 comments :

  1. My daughter would LOVE to do these, she tries to do my PT sessions at park with me. Very educational, thanks for sharing :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Luckily for most kids with normal core strength these will just be fun games to play with Mum or Dad! I'm happy to hear you found it educational.

      Delete
  2. I love your little model. Super cute :) That's a crazy statistic. I'd never really thought about it before, but I guess if children are stuck inside in front of the tv or pc then I guess they may lose that core strength. I'm happy to say I doubt my girls have any trouble in that area. They both run around like absolute lunatics. Thanks for sharing the info and I will keep it in mind for the future. Visiting via #teamIBOT.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. My MJ is a little spunk, however I may have had to use bribery to get the shots! Great to hear your girls are running crazy, that is definitely the best thing for them and their core strength. Thanks again for the message about your difficulties in leaving a comment :)

      Delete
  3. Great post, I am going to try some of these with our Miss 7. We've recently learned that she has some congenital issues with her lower spine so working on her core strength has to be a good thing right?!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I did read that post about Miss 7, she really doesn't need another thing to worry about! Improving core strength can never be a bad thing and these activities are all very safe, just make sure she doesn't do anything that causes pain. Have fun!

      Delete
  4. Great tips, I'm going to keep these in my little book of tricks. Maybe more so for me than the 15month old though - she's a little monkey. Clings on so hard with her core turned on that she's seated at 90 degrees!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. That's like the ultimate core strength move! We pay money to try to do stuff like that at the gym and they do it all day for free hanging off us and park equipment!

      Delete
  5. Wow this is so important and something I would never have thought of. Its very sad that our kids are losing a strength that we are born and have evolved with. Thank you for the tips.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Fortunately, if we just encourage them to play a lot, most of this can be avoided! I'm glad you found the tips useful.

      Delete
  6. This looks good.

    ReplyDelete
  7. This is a great post! I'm pinning and sharing on google plus - it's so important to keep kids active! Aside from your advice, I absolutely love those photos! They are just too cute ;)

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thanks Yuliya, I think our little man is pretty cute too! I'm glad you found the post useful :)

    ReplyDelete
  9. Oh I hadn't thought about core strength for the kids. Will have to test mine on the weekend.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If you didn't answer 'yes' to any of the questions and if your kids are pretty active, they'll probably be okay :) But they do make fun games to play anyway - especially if you go first!!

      Delete